Hemp oil and CBD oil have become synonymous with health and wellness, but customers generally don’t know the difference between the two and assume they are the same. Every day we hear from customers that say they purchased a product from a local shop or Amazon and are not experiencing the benefits that they expected. This is usually due to one of two possibilities, first being Hemp vs CBD Oil and second being the dosage. In this blog we will discuss the first.
First off, both the marijuana plant and the hemp plant are actually both apart of the cannabis family, but are very different in many characteristics. These differences include the appearance, chemical makeup and cultivation.
Marijuana looks contrastingly different from hemp. When you observe their leaves, marijuana’s shape tends to either be broad leafed, a tight bud, or look like a nugget with organd hairs. Hemp, on the other hand, has skinnier leaves that’s concentrated at the top. Few branches or leaves exist below the top part of the plant. When you observe the plants from afar, marijuana looks like a short fat bush. Hemp is typically skinnier and taller (up to 20 ft). At times, it almost looks like long ditchweed – hemp was actually found to grow among weeds in Nebraska. In general, when you compare a marijuana farm with those of industrial hemp, you’ll notice that they are clearly very different from one another.
The main difference between the two is in its chemical composition, specifically in tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the chemical responsible marijuana’s psychological effects.An average batch of marijuana contains anywhere from 5-20% THC content. Some premium marijuana can have up to 25-30% THC. Hemp, on the other hand, has a max THC level of 0.3%, essentially making it impossible to feel any psychoactive effect or get a “high”. This threshold is heavily regulated in other countries that have legalized hemp.Hemp also has high cannabidiol (CBD) content that acts as THC’s antagonist, essentially making the minimal amount of THC useless.
The environment in which hemp and marijuana are grown is strikingly different. Hemp is grown closely together (as close as 4 inches apart) and are typically grown in large multi-acre plots. It can also grow in variety of climates and its growth cycle is 108-120 days. Unlike hemp, marijuana requires a carefully controlled, warm, and humid atmostphere for proper growth. Its growth cycle only 60-90 days. Medical cannabis also cannot be grown too close to each other. They are typically grown 6 feet apart. If, somehow, marijuana grows among (or close to) a hemp field, the hemp’s pollen would immediateately ruin the marijuana crop, diluting marijuana’s psychoactivity.
On average, hemp seed contains around 30% oil by weight. The precious oil rich in essential fatty acids is extracted by cold pressing. This method is not unique to hemp seed oil and similar to extracting black onion seed oil. Cold pressing requires the seeds to be de-shelled; the outer husk must be removed. Then, after some scientific chilling and squeezing, hemp seed oil is extracted.
Hemp seed oil is rich in omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. In fact, it’s the only edible oil that contains greater than 80% polyunsaturated essential fatty acids. Linoleic acid (LA) and linolenic acid (LNA) are found in a ratio of 3:1, which is widely believed by nutritionists to be the optimal ratio.
Another benefit of hemp seed oil is the high levels of vitamin E. On average, 100g of hemp seed oil contains 100–150mg of vitamin E. In case you didn’t know, this vitamin is known for its antioxidant properties. The cosmetic industry can’t stop raving about the anti-ageing properties of this natural nutrient common to cannabis and hemp. Furthermore, it’s pretty common for companies to create their own CBD tinctures with hemp seed oil. But hemp seed oil alone does not contain CBD or any other cannabinoids!
CBD oil can be extracted from cannabis or hemp. While most recreational, high-THC strains typically contain less than 1% CBD, many legal hemp strains contain 2–3%. CBD-rich medical cannabis strains have made it possible for home medical growers to become self-sufficient in high-CBD, low-THC flowers.
However, hemp remains the primary source for commercial CBD oil, mostly for legal reasons. 20%+ CBD, seed-free cannabis buds will almost certainly replace CBD oil derived from hemp in the future. In order to achieve the highest yields and purity, most hemp CBD oil manufacturers utilise advanced supercritical CO₂ extraction processes.
CBD interacts with the human endocannabinoid system (ECS) and has many health benefits, from proven anti-inflammatory properties to potential cancer treatments. CBD oil will not get you high because it does not contain THC or any other psychoactive compounds. Supplementing with CBD oil improves homeostasis and can be accurately dosed with a couple of drops under the tongue.
In our opinion, CBD Oil is the most beneficial product to both humans and our pets. Many shops are selling Hemp Seed Oil and labeling it CBD oil along with claiming the benefits of CBD oil. Beforfe purchasing any “CBD” oil product, ask for a third party certification that will show you exactly how much CBD is in your product.