CBD Dictionary of Terms

Hemp

A variety of the cannabis plant species that is grown specifically for industrial uses. Hemp has low levels of THC and high levels of CBD and thus does not have psychoactive properties.

Cannabis

A genus (group) of flowering plants that include three different species: Cannabis sativaCannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. Hemp is a variety of the Cannabis sativa species.

Cannabinoid

A class of chemical compounds that react with our cannabinoid receptors.

Phytocannabinoid

A cannabinoid that is derived from a plant, namely, cannabis.

Cannabidiol

A non-psychotropic cannabinoid of the cannabis plant. Also referred to as CBD.

Tetrahydrocannabinol

A main psychoactive cannabinoid of the cannabis plant. Also referred to as THC.

Psychoactive substance

A chemical substance that changes the function of the brain and creates an alteration in perception, mood, or consciousness.

Extraction

The action of removing the cannabinoids and flavors of hemp from the plant parts.

Decarboxylation

A chemical reaction that requires heat to remove a carboxyl group and release carbon dioxide. The decarboxylation of CBDa (the precursor of CBD) to CBD “activates” the CBD. This allows us to experience the full benefits of CBD.

Hemp Oil

Oil extracted from high-CBD, low-THC hemp. Hemp oil contains trace amounts of THC and is therefore non-psychoactive.

Infusion

The introduction hemp into another substance, such as food or skincare.

Potency

The strength of a solution. Strength refers to how much CBD is in a product.

Concentration

The amount of a substance contained within a solution or in a particular volume of space.

Capsule

A small container that surrounds a supplement.

Concentrate

A concentrated form of hemp oil. Concentrates are oils extracted right from the hemp plant without additives.

Tincture

Liquid extracts that are taken sublingually.

Edbiles

Food infused with CBD, such as chocolate or gum.

Topical

Products applied directly to the body, such as lotion or salve.

Vape

Vaporizing the active ingredients of plant material for inhalation.

Sublingual

A solution applied underneath the tongue.